System profitability of excess heat utilisation – A case-based modelling analysis

This report shows the use of excess heat (EH) in district heating (DH) that may contribute to increased sustainability through reduced use of primary energy.

Summary

The use of EH (excess heat) in DH (district heating) may contribute to increased sustainability through reduced use of primary energy. In Sweden, while biomass has become the most important DH fuel during the last decades, there is a significant amount of industrial EH that could be utilised in the DH systems if it could be shown to be an economically viable alternative. This study addresses the long-term system profitability of a large heat network between a cluster of chemical industries and two DH systems that enables an increased use of EH. An assessment is carried out by scenario and sensitivity analyses and by applying the optimising energy systems model MARKAL_WS, in which the DH systems of the Västra Götaland region of Sweden are represented individually. The results show heat network profitability under most assumptions, and that the profitability increases with biomass competition, phase-out of natural gas use and higher CO2 charges, whereas it decreases with the availability of other EH sources in the base load of the DH systems.

Coworkers: Tomas Ekvall

Keywords: District heating, waste heat utilisation, MARKAL, energy systems modelling, heat recovery

Year: 2016.0

Report number: A2191

Authors: Tomas Ekvall, Ahlgren EO Sandvall AF

Published in: Energy 97:424-434